Social research is an academic activity to explain, analyze, and understand a problem and find solution for it. A systematic approach of collecting, organizing and analyzing the information relating to a problem is adopted in a research.
Research aims at discovering new facts or verifying old ones to analyze their sequence, inter-relationship, and casual explanation to understand human behavior. Therefore, the basic objective of social research is to understand and clarify the behavior of man and the various forces or factors which influence him. Once the human behavior is influenced, this affects the social institutions. In fact, in social research, the laboratory is the society and the objects are the human beings.
This book explains the methodology of social research. It is divided into two parts. Part I describes the various theoretical issues related to research, while Part II is devoted to quantitative and other techniques to reach meaningful conclusions to understand and solve social problems.